Advancing Learning: Encouraging extensive reading to advance intensive reading

in Blog

Advancing Learning: Encouraging extensive reading to advance intensive reading

Introduction

Growing up I was the sibling who was often ‘missing in action,’ hidden away in a corner of the house reading. For as long as I can remember reading has always been something I have loved, in English but also in other languages. It feels like an escape from reality, like being submerged in my own world. However, teaching has made me come to realise that many learners have a totally different experience of reading …


Reading and the brain

Interestingly, our brains are not hardwired for reading nor writing, they are made for listening and speaking. For our brain to understand a text, various complex processes need to be activated simultaneously. Emergent readers need to develop phonological awareness and decoding skills. However, this is not enough as Willingham (2017) highlights, readers also need vocabulary knowledge and cognitive processes such as using prior knowledge and making connections to enable the brain to make meaning of a text. And all this needs to be coordinated at an effective pace so the brain can keep up! No surprise really that beginners can get demotivated.

The best way to improve one’s language skills is to go and live amongst its speakers, but the next best way is to read extensively in it.

C. Nuttall, 2005


Extensive reading

The only way to make reading less challenging and make comprehension easier is through developing automaticity of the processes involved and this happens through reading, a lot of reading. Whereas reading intensively in class is invaluable to develop learners’ reading sub-skills and language, it is not enough to become a fluent reader. Extensive reading, where learners read relatively easy texts of their own choice, complements their reading development: it increases their reading mileage which in the long term aids comprehension.

Creating a culture of reading also helps the brain focus and improve learners’ concentration. Research has also shown that reading makes people more empathic; being able to understand and share the feelings of others. Another key benefit is that reading can reduce stress levels: according to research by the University of Sussex reading for even six minutes can reduce stress levels by as much as 68%. Enough reasons to take up extensive reading, right? However, the key to extensive reading is that learners are reading for pleasure. So, how can we get reluctant readers to embark on this journey?

Of course, we can spell out the linguistic and cognitive advantages of reading, but it doesn’t seem to engage most learners. Trying to get them curious might work better so I often use one question to introduce extensive reading programs: ‘I think reading is like running, what do you think?’. Students can get emotionally engaged in the discussion, which is exactly what we need because without emotional engagement very little learning will happen (Reyes et al., 2012).


Running and extensive reading?

So why do I believe that reading is like running? Well, running isn’t easy in the beginning. When you start it hurts, it makes you tired but the more you run the more your muscles get used to it. The same with reading which is hard work at the start but the more you read, the more automatic the processes become and the easier you make it which is key to enjoying reading.  Tell your learners this as they might think they are odd because they find reading effortful, but it was too for us at the start!


Take it step by step

When starting an extensive reading programme, take it slow. Learners, and in particular those who are not keen on reading in their L1, need to build concentration skills, reading stamina and the willpower to pick up a text and read.

  1. Even though extensive reading is often done at home, start off in class to lay a solid foundation that enables learners to become independent readers beyond the classroom. If possible, give it 15-20 minutes two or three times a week.
  2. Allow learners to select a short text to start with as these might feel less intimidating. Blogs, magazines, short articles, etc., it doesn’t really matter as long as learners are reading with pleasure. Remember, you don’t run long distances straight away, it takes time!
  3. Extensive reading is supposed to be self-directed but to ensure learners do not get frustrated straight away, guide your learners with choosing level appropriate texts. Make sure they select a text of interest and help them check the vocabulary; if out of every 100 words four words or more are unknown it will become a demotivating experience. Get them to read a page, about 100 words, and count the unknown words. If there are two or three out of 100 the vocabulary should not hinder their reading pleasure. Graded readers are helpful to ensure they start with achievable texts.

Some other useful sites are:

www.newsela.com

https://learningenglish.voanews.com

http://www.gutenberg.org/

www.theconversation.com

https://readoasis.com/

https://www.er-central.com/


Buddy up!

When I started, running alone felt daunting but having an experienced friend to run with helped me better manage my pace which kept me going. Although classroom activities in which learners talk about their books are not rare, extensive reading is often viewed as a solitary task but learners sharing ideas together could provide motivation and help maintain interest in reading.

Oral language, talk, plays a central role in learning; in learning how to think and in talking your way into meaning.    

Cameron & Dempsey, 2016

  1. Allowing learners to talk to each other during an extensive reading session, a short pre-reading chat about what they have been reading so far or what they think will happen next, might enhance engagement.
  2. Create opportunities for collaboration and discussion in your course. If you have learners that are reading the same graded reader they could be reading buddies and support each other. At lower levels this can make extensive reading more manageable.
  • Reading buddies- learners read the same book and can ask each other for clarification if needed or they can shadow read (one student reads aloud, the other reads along and then they swap roles).
  • Book talks- readers of different books share their answers on given questions before or after reading: Who’s the main character? What are the main events? Where/When does the story take place? What’s your feeling about the book?, etc.
  • Book Fairs- learners select their favourite text and in small groups present the story with the aim of convincing others to read it. (Preparation could include using digital technology.)
  • Timed TPS (Think-pair-share)- a quick activity before or after reading. Get learners to pair up, decide who is A and who is B. The teacher asks a question and A answers for one minute whilst B just listens. After one minute, B answers and A listens. Then they can both talk to compare ideas and ask each other follow-up questions.

Check-in regularly

When you are running with a buddy, you regularly check-in on each other to see how you are feeling. When conducting extensive reading, we need to check-in on how learners are doing in particular when they are new to reading extensively. This is much easier when you plan in time for extensive reading during your regular classes.

However, monitoring is regarded as somewhat controversial because extensive reading is seen as reading for pleasure. But as mentioned before, talking about reading can be authentic and showing an interest in learners’ reading enhances motivation, whilst it also enables you to trace learners' developing reading habits and find out about their challenges.

  1. Regular informal chats with learners can play a key role in motivating them to keep reading. Show an interest in the chosen text, ask them how they are feeling about their reading. What sort of genre they enjoy and if they would recommend you to read it? Tell them what you are reading; share your experiences.
  2. Observe their body language when they read silently or talk about books. Are they smiling or looking miserable? Are the slouching or actively talking to their buddies? This can give you clues about who you need to check-in with.
  3. Making learners more accountable and gaining some insight into their performance follow-up tasks, on paper or digitally, can be useful. Learners can:
  • select their favourite part and write a paragraph explaining what happens in that section of the book;
  • write/record a comparison with another book;
  • draw a visual story-script;
  • create a page gallery;
  • write a one-minute presentation;
  • complete a one-sentence summary;
  • create a picture story;
  • write a book review.

A word of warning: checking-in should not be regarded as a form of assessment, but more as a way to figure out if there is anything they need from you to be better enabled to enjoy their reading journey.


Let them own it!

When you start running you might have a coach whose role is to help you find your feet. Our role in the process is to support our learners with the ultimate aim of enabling them to be self-directed when reading.

  1. Follow a gradual release model; initially start in class, overtime decrease the frequency and extensive reading time in class with the expectation that learners increase their reading time at home.
  2. At the start guide them closely with text choices but the aim ultimately is to hand over and get them to choose texts of interest at the right level. Learners deciding also highlights that reading is a personal experience that doesn’t need to be dictated by a teacher (Bamford and Day, 2004). Give them choice in text types (magazines, blogs, newspaper articles, short stories, etc.) as well as in delivery methods; read an old-fashioned paperback or read on screen and for lower level readers combine it with listening to the text. By giving learners choices we give them a sense of empowerment which can help develop more motivated learners.

Keep going!

To get enjoyment from running you will have to put up with the pain first and run your miles which takes time! The same for reading fluency, the more you read the less effort it will take and the more enjoyable it becomes. In order to develop that reading power, learners need to read, read and, ... read! Plan for extensive reading two or three times a week in class, even if it is only for 10-15 minutes and tell learners to keep going as their practice will pay off in the long run. It might not be perfect, but it will make the cognitive processes involved permanent which is what it is all about!


Final Thoughts

It is widely believed that we become good readers through reading and without a doubt, the best way to become better at reading is through reading! However, only extensive reading is not enough, nor is only intensive reading in the classroom. We need to provide our learners with a balanced-diet and provide them with plenty of reading opportunities both inside and outside the classroom. Think about reading like running; finding rhythm, pace and routines that work take time, like becoming a marathon runner, and that is fine!


References

  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/5070874/Reading-can-help-reduce-stress.html
  • Cameron S., & Dempsey, L. (2016). The oral language book. S&L Publishing
  • Krashen, S.D., (2004). The Power of Reading: insights from the research, Krashen
  • Nuttall, C.E., (2005). Teaching Reading Skills in a Foreign Language. Heinemann
  • Reyes, M. R., Brackett, M. A., Rivers, S. E., White, M., & Salovey, P. (2012, March 5)
  • Classroom Emotional Climate, Student Engagement, and Academic Achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0027268
  • Willingham. D., (2017). The reading mind. Jossey-Bass

About the author

Anna Hasper is an educational consultant and learning & teacher development specialist based in Dubai. She has worked in education for over 18 years in a wide variety of contexts with the British Council, International House, IDP IELTS and various universities. She holds an MEd in Applied Linguistics, an MA in Public Administration as well as a PGCE (primary), CELTA and DELTA. Her special interest is teacher education, particularly the areas of educational psychology, effective learning and empowering teachers in low resource contexts. Her work includes materials development, course writing, teacher training, educational reform and developing bespoke professional learning programmes. She’s a CELTA trainer & assessor with in-depth experience of training teachers in challenging context worldwide. Anna regularly delivers professional learning and development for teachers in private and public sectors, both face to face and online.

Related titles

Macmillan Readers: Alissa Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Alissa Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Alissa without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Alissa without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Around the World in Eighty Days
more details

Macmillan Readers: Around the World in Eighty Days

British English

Macmillan Readers: Blue Fins Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Blue Fins Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Blue Fins without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Blue Fins without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Gulliver's Travels in Lilliput
more details

Macmillan Readers: Gulliver's Travels in Lilliput

British English

Macmillan Readers: In the Frame Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: In the Frame Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: In the Frame without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: In the Frame without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Detective Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Detective Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Detective without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Detective without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Lucky Number Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Lucky Number Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Lucky Number without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Lucky Number without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Photo Finish Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Photo Finish Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Photo Finish without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Photo Finish without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Sara Says No! Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Sara Says No! Pack

British English

Sara Says No! Starter Macmillan Reader (without CD)
more details

Sara Says No! Starter Macmillan Reader (without CD)

British English

Macmillan Readers: Shooting Stars Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Shooting Stars Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Shooting Stars without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Shooting Stars without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Ski Race without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Ski Race without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Lost Ship Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Lost Ship Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Lost Ship without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Lost Ship without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Magic Barber Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Magic Barber Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Magic Barber without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Magic Barber without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Umbrella Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Umbrella Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Umbrella without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Umbrella without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Well Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Well Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Well without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Well without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: A Tale of Two Cities Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: A Tale of Two Cities Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: A Tale of Two Cities without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: A Tale of Two Cities without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Anna and the Fighter Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Anna and the Fighter Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Anna and the Fighter without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Anna and the Fighter without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Billy Budd
more details

Macmillan Readers: Billy Budd

British English

Macmillan Readers: Dangerous Journey Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Dangerous Journey Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Dangerous Journey without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Dangerous Journey without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Good Wives
more details

Macmillan Readers: Good Wives

British English

Macmillan Readers: Hawk-eye, the Pathfinder
more details

Macmillan Readers: Hawk-eye, the Pathfinder

British English

Macmillan Readers: Jane Eyre Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Jane Eyre Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Jane Eyre without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Jane Eyre without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Raid
more details

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Raid

British English

Macmillan Children's Readers Audio CD1 Levels 1 and 2
more details

Macmillan Children's Readers Audio CD1 Levels 1 and 2

British English

Macmillan Readers: Little Women Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Little Women Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Little Women without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Little Women without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Lorna Doone
more details

Macmillan Readers: Lorna Doone

British English

Macmillan Readers: Marco Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Marco Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Marco without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Marco without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Money for a Motorbike Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Money for a Motorbike Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Money for a Motorbike without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Money for a Motorbike without CD

Macmillan Children's Readers Audio CD2 Levels 5 and 6
more details

Macmillan Children's Readers Audio CD2 Levels 5 and 6

British English

Macmillan Readers: Newspaper Boy
more details

Macmillan Readers: Newspaper Boy

British English

Macmillan Readers: Northanger Abbey Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Northanger Abbey Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Northanger Abbey without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Northanger Abbey without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Picture Puzzle
more details

Macmillan Readers: Picture Puzzle

British English

Macmillan Readers: Princess Diana Biography without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Princess Diana Biography without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Rich Man Poor Man Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Rich Man Poor Man Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Rich Man Poor Man without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Rich Man Poor Man without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Black Tulip
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Black Tulip

British English

Macmillan Readers: The House In The Picture and Abbot Thomas' Treasure
more details

Macmillan Readers: The House In The Picture and Abbot Thomas' Treasure

British English

Macmillan Readers: The House on the Hill Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The House on the Hill Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The House on the Hill without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The House on the Hill without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Last Leaf and Other Stories
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Last Leaf and Other Stories

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Last of the Mohicans Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Last of the Mohicans Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Last of the Mohicans without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Last of the Mohicans without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Long Tunnel Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Long Tunnel Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Long Tunnel without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Long Tunnel without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Man in the Iron Mask Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Man in the Iron Mask Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Man in the Iron Mask without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Man in the Iron Mask without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Mill on the Floss without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Mill on the Floss without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Phantom of the Opera Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Phantom of the Opera Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Phantom of the Opera without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Phantom of the Opera without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Prisoner Of Zenda
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Prisoner Of Zenda

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Signalman and The Ghost at The Trial
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Signalman and The Ghost at The Trial

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Three Musketeers Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Three Musketeers Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Three Musketeers without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Three Musketeers without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Trumpet-Major
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Trumpet-Major

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Truth Machine
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Truth Machine

British English

Macmillan Readers: This is London Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: This is London Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: This is London without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: This is London without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Washington Square
more details

Macmillan Readers: Washington Square

British English

Macmillan Readers: A Christmas Carol
more details

Macmillan Readers: A Christmas Carol

British English

Macmillan Readers: Claws
more details

Macmillan Readers: Claws

British English

Macmillan Readers: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
more details

Macmillan Readers: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

British English

Macmillan Readers: Frankenstein Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Frankenstein Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Frankenstein without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Frankenstein without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Winners Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Winners Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Winners without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Winners without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Love By Design
more details

Macmillan Readers: Love By Design

British English

Macmillan Readers: Room 13 and Other Ghost Stories Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Room 13 and Other Ghost Stories Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Room 13 and Other Ghost Stories without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Room 13 and Other Ghost Stories without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Seven Stories of Mystery and Horror Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Seven Stories of Mystery and Horror Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Seven Stories of Mystery and Horror without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Seven Stories of Mystery and Horror without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Silver Blaze and Other Stories
more details

Macmillan Readers: Silver Blaze and Other Stories

British English

Macmillan Readers: Tales of Horror Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Tales of Horror Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Tales of Horror without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Tales of Horror without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Black Cat Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Black Cat Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Black Cat without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Black Cat without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Canterville Ghost and Other Stories Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Canterville Ghost and Other Stories Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Canterville Ghost and Other Stories without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Canterville Ghost and Other Stories without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Hound of the Baskervilles Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Hound of the Baskervilles Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Hound of the Baskervilles without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Hound of the Baskervilles without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Legends of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Legends of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Legends of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Legends of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Lost World
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Lost World

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Mark of Zorro Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Mark of Zorro Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Mark of Zorro without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Mark of Zorro without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Phantom Airman without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Phantom Airman without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Picture of Dorian Gray Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Picture of Dorian Gray Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Picture of Dorian Gray without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Picture of Dorian Gray without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Prince and The Pauper Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Prince and The Pauper Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Prince and The Pauper without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Prince and The Pauper without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 1 Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 1 Pack

American English

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 1 without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 1 without CD

American English

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 2 Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 2 Pack

American English

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 2 without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Princess Diaries 2 without CD

American English

Macmillan Readers: The Promise
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Promise

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Quest
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Quest

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Stranger Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Stranger Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Stranger without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Stranger without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Woman in Black Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Woman in Black Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Woman in Black without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Woman in Black without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Treasure Island
more details

Macmillan Readers: Treasure Island

British English

Macmillan Readers: Viking Tales Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Viking Tales Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Viking Tales without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Viking Tales without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: White Fang Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: White Fang Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: White Fang without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: White Fang without CD

British English

Macmillan Cultural Readers: England Pack
more details

Macmillan Cultural Readers: England Pack

British English

Macmillan Cultural Readers: England without CD
more details

Macmillan Cultural Readers: England without CD

British English

Macmillan Cultural Readers: The United States of America Pack
more details

Macmillan Cultural Readers: The United States of America Pack

American English

Macmillan Cultural Readers: The United States of America without CD
more details

Macmillan Cultural Readers: The United States of America without CD

American English

Macmillan Readers: A Midsummer Night's Dream
more details

Macmillan Readers: A Midsummer Night's Dream

British English

Macmillan Readers: Casino Royale Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Casino Royale Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Casino Royale without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Casino Royale without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Daisy Miller Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Daisy Miller Pack

American English

Macmillan Readers: Daisy Miller without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Daisy Miller without CD

American English

Macmillan Readers: Diamonds are Forever Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Diamonds are Forever Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Diamonds are Forever without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Diamonds are Forever without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Far from the Madding Crowd Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Far from the Madding Crowd Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Far from the Madding Crowd without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Far from the Madding Crowd without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Gandhi Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Gandhi Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Gandhi without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Gandhi without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Heidi Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Heidi Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Heidi without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Heidi without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: I, Robot Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: I, Robot Pack

American English

Macmillan Readers: I, Robot without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: I, Robot without CD

American English

Macmillan Readers: Nelson Mandela Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Nelson Mandela Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Nelson Mandela without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Nelson Mandela without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Owl Creek Bridge and Other Stories Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Owl Creek Bridge and Other Stories Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Owl Creek Bridge and Other Stories without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Owl Creek Bridge and Other Stories without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Owl Hall Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Owl Hall Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Owl Hall without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Owl Hall without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Persuasion Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Persuasion Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Persuasion without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Persuasion without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Robin Hood Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Robin Hood Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Robin Hood without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Robin Hood without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Robinson Crusoe Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Robinson Crusoe Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Robinson Crusoe without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Robinson Crusoe without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Romeo and Juliet
more details

Macmillan Readers: Romeo and Juliet

British English

Macmillan Readers: Selected Stories by D. H. Lawrence Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Selected Stories by D. H. Lawrence Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Selected Stories by D. H. Lawrence without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Selected Stories by D. H. Lawrence without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Shake Hands Forever Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Shake Hands Forever Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Shake Hands Forever without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Shake Hands Forever without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Call of the Wild Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Call of the Wild Pack

American English

Macmillan Readers: The Call of the Wild without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Call of the Wild without CD

American English

Macmillan Readers: The Invisible Man Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Invisible Man Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Invisible Man without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Invisible Man without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Secret Garden Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Secret Garden Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Secret Garden without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Secret Garden without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Story of the Olympics: An Unofficial History Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Story of the Olympics: An Unofficial History Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Story of the Olympics: An Unofficial History without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Story of the Olympics: An Unofficial History without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Tenant of Wildfell Hall Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Tenant of Wildfell Hall Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Tenant of Wildfell Hall without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Tenant of Wildfell Hall without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Treasure of Monte Cristo Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Treasure of Monte Cristo Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Treasure of Monte Cristo without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Treasure of Monte Cristo without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Wizard of Oz Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Wizard of Oz Pack

American English

Macmillan Readers: The Wizard of Oz without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Wizard of Oz without CD

American English

Hamlet Intermediate Macmillan Reader
more details

Hamlet Intermediate Macmillan Reader

British English

Macmillan Readers: A Kiss Before Dying Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: A Kiss Before Dying Pack

American English

Macmillan Readers: A Kiss Before Dying without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: A Kiss Before Dying without CD

American English

Macmillan Readers: A New Lease of Death Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: A New Lease of Death Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: A New Lease of Death without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: A New Lease of Death without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones - The Edge of Reason Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones - The Edge of Reason Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones's Diary Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones's Diary Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones's Diary without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones's Diary without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Bristol Murder Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Bristol Murder Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Bristol Murder without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Bristol Murder without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: David Copperfield
more details

Macmillan Readers: David Copperfield

British English

Macmillan Readers: Down Second Avenue
more details

Macmillan Readers: Down Second Avenue

British English

Macmillan Readers: Dr No without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Dr No without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Dracula Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Dracula Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Dracula without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Dracula without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Emma Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Emma Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Emma without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Emma without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Goldfinger without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Goldfinger without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Live and Let Die without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Live and Let Die without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Meet Me in Istanbul Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Meet Me in Istanbul Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Meet Me in Istanbul without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Meet Me in Istanbul without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Much Ado About Nothing Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Much Ado About Nothing Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Much Ado About Nothing without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Much Ado About Nothing without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: My Cousin Rachel Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: My Cousin Rachel Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: My Cousin Rachel without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: My Cousin Rachel without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Oliver Twist Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Oliver Twist Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Oliver Twist without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Oliver Twist without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: One Day Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: One Day Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: One Day without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: One Day without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Othello Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Othello Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Othello without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Othello without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Pride and Prejudice
more details

Macmillan Readers: Pride and Prejudice

British English

Macmillan Readers: Rendezvous with Rama
more details

Macmillan Readers: Rendezvous with Rama

British English

Macmillan Readers: Ring of Thieves
more details

Macmillan Readers: Ring of Thieves

British English

Macmillan Readers: River God
more details

Macmillan Readers: River God

British English

Macmillan Readers: Sense and Sensibility Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Sense and Sensibility Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Sense and Sensibility without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Sense and Sensibility without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Slumdog Millionaire Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Slumdog Millionaire Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Slumdog Millionaire without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Slumdog Millionaire without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Enchanted April
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Enchanted April

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Eye of the Tiger
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Eye of the Tiger

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Great Gatsby Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Great Gatsby Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Great Gatsby without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Great Gatsby without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Merchant of Venice
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Merchant of Venice

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Norwood Builder and Other Stories Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Norwood Builder and Other Stories Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Norwood Builder and Other Stories without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Norwood Builder and Other Stories without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Old Curiosity Shop Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Old Curiosity Shop Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Old Curiosity Shop without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Old Curiosity Shop without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers The Pearl Intermediate Reader without CD Reader
more details

Macmillan Readers The Pearl Intermediate Reader without CD Reader

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Pearl Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Pearl Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Perfect Storm
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Perfect Storm

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Queen of Death Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Queen of Death Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Queen of Death without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Queen of Death without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Red and the Black
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Red and the Black

British English

Macmillan Readers Seventh Scroll Intermediate Reader
more details

Macmillan Readers Seventh Scroll Intermediate Reader

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Sign of Four Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Sign of Four Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Sign of Four without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Sign of Four without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Silent World of Nicholas Quinn
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Silent World of Nicholas Quinn

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Smuggler Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Smuggler Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Smuggler without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Smuggler without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Space Invaders Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Space Invaders Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Space Invaders without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Space Invaders without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Speckled Band and Other Stories Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Speckled Band and Other Stories Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Speckled Band and Other Stories without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Speckled Band and Other Stories without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Woman Who Disappeared Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Woman Who Disappeared Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Woman Who Disappeared without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Woman Who Disappeared without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Touching the Void Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Touching the Void Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Touching the Void without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Touching the Void without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Wuthering Heights Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Wuthering Heights Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Wuthering Heights without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Wuthering Heights without CD

British English

Macmillan Cultural Readers: Australia Pack
more details

Macmillan Cultural Readers: Australia Pack

British English

Macmillan Cultural Readers: Australia without CD
more details

Macmillan Cultural Readers: Australia without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Agnes Grey Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Agnes Grey Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Agnes Grey without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Agnes Grey without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Anna Karenina
more details

Macmillan Readers: Anna Karenina

British English

Macmillan Readers: Bleak House
more details

Macmillan Readers: Bleak House

British English

Macmillan Readers: Great Expectations Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Great Expectations Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Great Expectations without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Great Expectations without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Movie Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Movie Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Movie without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: L.A. Movie without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Macbeth Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Macbeth Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Macbeth without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Macbeth without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Middlemarch
more details

Macmillan Readers: Middlemarch

British English

Macmillan Readers: Moby Dick
more details

Macmillan Readers: Moby Dick

American English

Macmillan Readers: Of Mice and Men
more details

Macmillan Readers: Of Mice and Men

British English

Macmillan Readers: Officially Dead Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Officially Dead Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Officially Dead without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Officially Dead without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: Our Mutual Friend
more details

Macmillan Readers: Our Mutual Friend

British English

Macmillan Readers: Rebecca Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: Rebecca Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: Rebecca without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: Rebecca without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Cut Glass Bowl and Other Stories
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Cut Glass Bowl and Other Stories

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Ghost Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Ghost Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Ghost without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Ghost without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Importance of Being Earnest Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Importance of Being Earnest Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Importance of Being Earnest without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Importance of Being Earnest without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Man with the Golden Gun Pack
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Man with the Golden Gun Pack

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Man with the Golden Gun without CD
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Man with the Golden Gun without CD

British English

Macmillan Readers: The Mistress of Spices
more details

Macmillan Readers: The Mistress of Spices

British English

Macmillan Readers: Vanity Fair
more details

Macmillan Readers: Vanity Fair

British English

in Blog